according to Aristotle: the life of the philosopher or the life of the politician? The desire for absolutes is seen as a misguided quest for the impossible. Utilitarinism- mroal theory that weighs pros and cons. . No moral valid principles at all; morality is fiction. If we analyze this passage, we derive the following argument: 1) What is considered morally right and wrang varies from society to society, so that there are no universal moral standards held by all societies.
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Ethical Cultural/ Social Relativism.
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Everyone, absolutists and relativists alike, agrees that circumstances make a difference. Quantity over quality; calculating the most pleasure and adding them together is the action that should be taken. Beginning in the 1960s and 70s, ethical relativism was associated with postmodernism, a complex philosophical movement that questioned the idea of objectivity in many areas, including ethics. Epistemology- the study of knowledge. Why does Sartre characterize this state of freedom as one of anguish, abandonment, and despair? Abandonment: thinks there is no good we are utterly and completely responsible for our own choices. Resemblence- our present thoughts resemble our memory of past experiences and we suppose that because they are resembling they proceed from or belong to the same thing (experience). Africa and the Pacific Islands. What is the difference between a descriptive and a normative statement? Some values are, in fact, necessary for society to exist.