the sum of its parts, thus society is not just a mere sum of individuals. He was of the belief that Crime was a normal if not a necessary aspect of a functioning society and it was an inevitable act. Stratification quickly emerged in this supposed society of equal opportunity. According to Durkheim, religion in not about supernatural beings but rather about beliefs and practices, which are the collective representations of society and groups. Marx expresses in his writings that class conflict was and is very much alive in every society from before feudal times until present. This Marx termed the division of labour. All of this centred around the important concept known as social solidarity. According to Marx, capitalists assume that cooperation in capitalism is disrupted, therefore they requires less talk, more work as principal in capitalism work place. Ask our professional writer! First of all, labors in capitalist society are alienated from their productive activity.
This is where the similarities end in regards to these two as their explanations are on the opposite ends of the spectrum. According to Marx competition between workers alienated them for each other. Durkheim, on the other hand, did not seem to delve into that arena of thought. Emile Durkheim is known as a functionalist states that everything serves a function in society and his main concern to discover what that function was. They were also alienated from the means of production because they had no say in its running.
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They both play a part in two very opposing schools of thought which I shared in the previous essay. Religion acted then as a source of solidarity or collective reality for people in their societies. Durkheim developed the idea of society as an integrated system of interrelated parts. He wanted to establish how the various parts of society contribute to the maintenance of the whole. Socrates crime was that he had an independent thought contrary to the collective consensus and he paid the price with death. On the other hand Karl Marx, a conflict theorist, stresses that society is a complex system characterized by inequality and conflict that generate social change. The transition from old to modern society was a very complex and relatively quick one. After all the inequality in the labour market, (stratification) workers were even alienated from enjoying life or finding personal fulfillment in it! Durkheim claims that, "a religion as closely connected to a social system surpassing all others in simplicity may well be regarded as the most elementary religion we can possibly know" (Ritzer, 91). Socrates criminal act and his punishment paved the way for independent thought to flourish as it does today.