eric hoffer essay the true believer pdf

rhet. Eric hof fer the true believer free download. So believers ignore truths that contradict their fervent beliefs, but this hides the fact that, The fanatic is perpetually incomplete and insecure.

Part 4 Beginning and End, hoffer states that three personality types typically lead mass movements: men of words, fanatics, and practical men of action. At this point, the practical men of action take over and try to lead the new order by further controlling their followers. In the beginning: men of words lead the movements. Hatred is the most accessible and comprehensive of all the unifying agents Mass movements can rise and spread without belief in a god, but never without a belief in a devil. In this country the spectacular changes since the Civil War were enacted in an atmosphere charged with the enthusiasm born of fabulous opportunities for self-advancement. The True Believer 1951, eight other books, and many articles. Joseph Goebbels : a sharp sword must always stand behind propaganda if it is to be really effective.

For his purpose is now theirs, and they hope to succeed where he failed. The conservatism of a religion its orthodoxy is the inert coagulum of a once highly reactive sap. A rising mass movement attracts and holds a following not by its doctrine and promises but by the refuge it offers from the anxieties, barrenness, and meaninglessness of an individual existence. A revolutionary movement is a conspicuous instrument of change. 85) Through their fanatical action and personal sacrifice, the fanatic tries to give their life meaning. Such delight cannot come from the mere venting of a grievance. In the end mass movements that succeed often bring about a social order worse than the previous one. The effectiveness of a doctrine does not come from its meaning but from its certitude presented as the embodiment of the one and only truth.

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