spend more of their general-fund dollars on education than on incarceration, but the percentage of dollars being used for incarceration is increasing, while the percentage for education is decreasing. (2000, Jan).Prosecuting juveniles in adult court: An assessment of trends and consequences. Home detention requires the offender to remain at home either at all times, at all times when not in school or working, or at night. What we learn from Los Angeles, Houston, and Philadelphia is that our national priorities are misplaced, and with devastating consequences. Because the death penalty can be a lengthy process the likelihood of convicts appealing has increased. This led to an extremely large population of young offenders being held, to this day, in secure confinement facilities. They are still drug-addicts and so they return to the street only to commit yet another crime. The intention of general deterrence is to make the public aware of the penalty imposed by law if crimes are committed. In response to a recognizable increase in youth crime, getting tough on juvenile delinquency and holding young offenders more accountable has been the national trend in the past two decades (Brinks, 2004). Punishment, due to a number of existing reasons, the punishment implemented for committing crimes has not been harsh enough to deter the percentages of illegal acts.
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Jacob kang-brown, NEW york, the writer is a senior research associate at the Vera Institute of Justice. Many argue that removing juveniles from the environment in which their crimes were committed is the most successful deterrent of future negative behavior. One community-based program which has proven to be very effective as an alternative to secure confinement for juveniles is home detention. Juvenile residential facility census, 2000: Selected findings. Although there was a 66 increase in the juvenile arrest rate during the late 1980s and early 1990s, from 139 arrests per 100,000 youth in 1986 to 231 arrests per 100,000 in 1993, there was an even larger, 74 increase in the number of youth. Sixty-six percent of lower-performing schools are clustered in or very near neighborhoods with the highest rates of incarceration - where the biggest taxpayer investment in imprisonment is being made. Therefore, placing drug-addicted offenders in jails fails to confront the major problem at hand which is that of the drug abuse. Drug treatment is tough on crime since it deals with the core problem? Although both the general deterrence and the special deterrence methods of punishment were widely used and believed to be beneficial, the.S. Studies conducted in California, Ohio and Alabama have reported an 89-97 success rate with their home detention programs, success being measured by recidivism rates, which were generally under 8, compared to up to 70 for those youth being held in secure detention (Austin, Johnson Weitzer.